An Adaptive Multipopulation Framework for Locating and Tracking Multiple Optima

An Adaptive Multipopulation Framework for Locating and Tracking Multiple Optima

Changhe Li1,  Trung Thanh Nguyen2,  Ming Yang1,  Michalis Mavrovouniotis3,  Shengxiang Yang3

1 Hubei Key Laboratory of Intelligent Geo-Information Processing, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China

2School of Engineering, Technology and Maritime Operations, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, U.K.

3School of Computer Science and Informatics, De Montfort University, Leicester, U.K.

Published in: IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation , Volume: 20, Issue: 4, Aug. 2016 (best journal in the field, ranked 1st in Computer Science, Theory & Methods)


Multipopulation methods are effective in solving dynamic optimization problems. However, to efficiently track multiple optima, algorithm designers need to address a key issue: how to adapt the number of populations. In this paper, an adaptive multipopulation framework is proposed to address this issue. A database is designed to collect heuristic information of algorithm behavior changes. The number of populations is adjusted according to statistical information related to the current evolving status in the database and a heuristic value. Several other techniques are also introduced, including a heuristic clustering method, a population exclusion scheme, a population hibernation scheme, two movement schemes, and a peak hiding method. The particle swarm optimization and differential evolution algorithms are implemented into the framework, respectively. A set of multipopulation-based algorithms are chosen to compare with the proposed algorithms on the moving peaks benchmark using four different performance measures. The effect of the components of the framework is also investigated based on a set of multimodal problems in static environments. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithms outperform the other algorithms in most scenarios.


Sociology, Statistics, Heuristic algorithms, Optimization, Clustering algorithms, Databases, Change detection algorithms

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